Foundation is the most vital part of a building. It’s not the last; most times, it is not seen. Not minding that it’s not always on the surface; it’s the most important part of building a house. The foundation of a house goes a long way to determine the standard of the house. It’s not to be overlooked at all. Dealing with it with recklessness is dangerous.
In contemporary society, structural engineers are taking more care and time towards laying a good foundation. Having done theoretical and practical studies and analysis towards foundations, they know what it means to have a proper foundation. Its importance and how it can determine the standard and structure built. What happens when in the process of laying your house foundation, there is a crack? Or even after building your house, there is a crack in the foundation. Poor structural design will equally lead to foundation crack.
A crack in the foundation has some visible signs in your household. Some include sticky windows, crack on the walls, doors refusing to lap. These and more are signs of a cracked foundation. There are many types of foundation cracks, and they signify things. Differently, they include
This is the most widespread and least severe type of crack. These vertical cracks go up and down, and maybe slightly diagonal. They are usually as a result of unsettled foundation. They are found in both new houses and old houses. This type of foundation crack is not too expensive to deal with. See more!
This type of crack runs on your foundation at a 30-75-degree angle. It is usually like a thin crack but with the potentials of becoming wider at other ends. This is usually a result of one part of the foundation settling higher or lower than the other, thus causing the diagonal crack. Cause of this uneven settling may be, building a house on a hill of the sloppy path. Contraction or expansion of the soil built on. Repairing this crack may be more costly.
This is when the cracks run sideways. This crack is the most serious crack not to be taken lightly. These cracks are seen in homes with poured concrete foundations. They are also seen in homes with block concrete and brick foundations. Causes of this foundation crack include soil pressure and hydrostatic pressure.
Notwithstanding the type of cracks in your house, none is to be ignored because they are signs of problems that have a 100% chance of escalating if ignored. Be it a vertical, diagonal, or horizontal crack; a good, capable structural engineer should be consulted. A structural engineer will give you professional advice on the best way to tackle the problem to repair your foundation. It is saving you the cost of using insufficient means and temporary solutions that won’t handle your condition accurately.
A structural engineer will proffer a lasting solution to your problem. Using professional equipment with the right measurements, he will first carry out foundation inspection knowing the extent of the crack studying it and then attending to it to ensure it doesn’t persist. For more details, visit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Structural_engineering